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Types Of Arthritis | Osteoarthritis | Arthritis


Arthritis covers a broad spectrum of disease. To many, the term arthritis means pain and inflammation of the joints - but, arthritis is a much more complex medical condition. The term arthritis comes from the Latin phrase, "arth" meaning joint and "it is" meaning inflammation. There are over 100 illnesses associated with the term arthritis. Arthritis can range from something as simple as tendonitis to something as chronic as rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis is actually a group of more than 100 related diseases. Any disease that causes inflammation, damage, and deterioration of joints is considered a type of arthritis. Arthritis strikes people over sixty-five most often, but a lot of younger people are stricken with it, too. Each type of arthritis has its own causes, its own symptoms, and its own treatments.

Over time due to wear and tear of the bones and old age, people start to feel stiff, sore and in pain in some parts of their bodies, specially the joints area. People at the age of fifty, and above usually start to complain about these symptoms, and complains about pain and mobility problem. Arthritis is also the leading cause of disability to some people due to the pain and inflammation of the affected area. This disease can last for a long period or recurs, which can lead to tissue damage.

One of the most common types of arthritis affecting children is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). It is also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the symptoms are joint pains and stiffness - very similar to adult arthritis. The symptoms in JRA however are apparent before the child reaches 16 years old. Treatment varies from child to child due to the varying severity of symptoms between children.

Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most common and chronic form of arthritis. It occurs when the body's own immune system attacks the synovium or cell lining inside joint. Therefore this form of arthritis is often grouped as an autoimmune disease. Rheumatoid arthritis if not diagnosed in time, may lead to total loss of joint function and permanent disability. It also shortens life expectancy.

Having aches and stiff joints are sometimes a part of life. But if one notices that this goes beyond usual wear and tear or if it begins to interfere with the ability to live a normal, happy life, a type of arthritis may be the cause. Being able to identify what type of arthritis is the culprit will aide in the treatment and prevention of damage to joints.

Osteoarthritis normally affects the spine, hands and the feet. It can also affect the large bearing joints such as the hips and the knees. Symptoms of this condition include pain or a burning sensation in the affected muscles and tendons. Other symptoms are inflammation, stiffness and a creaking noise when you move or touch the affected joint. You may also experience contractions in the tendons and muscle spasm.

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